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BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a multi-systemic disease related to reduced functional capacity. The distance covered in the 6-min walk test (6MWT) has been known to assess functional capacity, but little is known about other indexes that can be derived. We sought to compare the performance during the 6MWT and the estimated indexes of functional capacity from the 6MWT between subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) and healthy individuals as well as to assess the relationship among these indexes and disease severity, pulmonary function, and nutritional status in CF.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at a university referral center for CF. It included a group of 55 non-oxygen-dependent CF subjects (CF group) with no acute pulmonary exacerbations and a group of 185 healthy controls (control group). All subjects were submitted to 6MWT and anthropometrics measurements.
RESULTS: Regarding performance during the 6MWT, the mean values of work, physiological cost index, average velocity, and 6-min walk distance (6MWD) were significantly lower in the CF group than in the control group (work: 21,690.58 ± 10,427.77 vs 26,057.51 ± 11,228.49 m × kg [P = .007]; physiological cost index: 0.31 ± 0.19 vs 0.37 ± 0.17; average velocity: 94.71 ± 12.89 vs 104.55 ± 9.13 m/min [P < .001]; and 6MWD: 568.02 ± 76.31 m versus 627.54 ± 54.81 m [P < .001]). Subjects with less severe CF had higher 6MWD, work, and average velocity during the 6MWT, compared with subjects with more severe CF (P = .008, P = .01, and P = .007, respectively). There was a correlation between 6MWD, work, average velocity, and disease severity and pulmonary function.
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the importance of standard measure (6MWD) the in 6MWT, alternative indexes can be useful as complementary outcomes and to provide a better understanding of limiting factors of exercise response in children and adolescents with CF.
- Correspondence: Camila Isabel Santos Schivinski PhD, Rua Pascoal Simone, 358, Coqueiros-Florianópolis-SC, CEP: 88080-350, Brazil. E-mail: .
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